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Differences between Democratic and Republican Platforms

Martin County Democrats

It is impossible to say you don’t have a clear choice this presidential election year.

The Democratic and Republican platforms show worldviews 180 degrees apart.

The Democrats’ statement of principles encompassed many of Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders’ views, giving him a victory even as he lost the presidential nomination to former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The Republican platform shifted to the right of its nominee, businessman Donald Trump, amid concern that he wasn’t conservative enough.

At 55 pages, the Democratic document is 11 pages shorter than the GOP platform.

Here are 10 huge differences in the party platforms:

1. ABORTION

Democrats:
“We believe unequivocally, like the majority of Americans, that every woman should have access to quality reproductive health care services, including safe and legal abortion.”

Republicans:
Abortion should be illegal in all cases and the Constitution should be amended to ban the procedure.
“We assert the sanctity of human life and affirm that the unborn child has a fundamental right to life which cannot be infringed,” the platform said.
The GOP argued that supporting the constitutional right to abortion was the “extreme” position.

2. SAME-SEX MARRIAGE

Democrats:
Applauded the U.S. Supreme Court decision that legalized same-sex marriage.

Republicans:
Condemned the court decision.
“Five unelected lawyers robbed 320 million Americans of their legitimate constitutional authority to define marriage as the union of one man and one woman,” the platform said.

3. IMMIGRATION

Democrats:
Called for fixing the “broken immigration system,” including a path to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants.

Republicans:
Embraced Trump’s call for a wall along the US-Mexican border though was silent on whether to back their nominee’s demand to deport all 11 million.

4. CLIMATE CHANGE

Democrats:
“Climate change poses a real and urgent threat to our economy, our national security, and our children’s health and futures.”

Republicans:
They cast doubts on whether the climate is changing, rejecting the findings of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as “a political mechanism, not an unbiased scientific institution” with “intolerance toward scientists and others who dissent from its orthodoxy.”

5. MEDICARE

Democrats:
They would not only would “fight any attempts by Republicans in Congress to privatize, voucherize, or ‘phase out’ Medicare,” but would allow Americans older than 55 to enroll.

Republicans:
They would end the health care program for the elderly as we know it, requiring seniors to either enroll in a private insurance plan or face limits on how much the government will pay.

6. WALL STREET

Democrats:
The party promised to “vigorously implement, enforce, and build on” banking regulations enacted to curb risky practices by financial institutions and “will stop dead in its tracks every Republican effort to weaken it.”

Republicans:
They blamed the Great Recession on “the government’s own housing policies,” not Wall Street actions, and called the regulations “an excuse to establish unprecedented government control over the nation’s financial markets.”

7. IRAN

Democrats:
President Barack Obama’s agreement to relax economic sanctions on Iran in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program “verifiably cuts off all of Iran’s pathways to a bomb without resorting to war.”

Republicans:
The deal “gravely threatens our security, our interests, and the survival of our friends.” The Republican platform called it “a personal agreement between the president and his negotiating partners and non-binding on the next president.”

8. ISRAEL

Democrats:
The platform backed a “secure and democratic Jewish state” of Israel and a chance for Palestinians to “govern themselves in their own viable state, in peace and dignity.”

Republicans:
While both parties support Israel, the Republicans said nothing about the two-state solution that has been the bipartisan cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy for decades.

9. MONEY IN POLITICS

Democrats:
Want to overturn the Citizens United decision, which eased restrictions on corporate and union campaign spending.

“We need to end secret, unaccountable money in politics by requiring, through executive order or legislation, significantly more disclosure and transparency — by outside groups, federal contractors, and public corporations to their shareholders,” the platform said.

Republicans:
They would repeal or raise contribution limits and allow outside groups spending millions on campaigns to hide their donors.
“I have joined the political arena so that the powerful can no longer beat up on people who cannot defend themselves,” Trump said in accepting the presidential nomination.
The GOP platform would make things much easier for the powerful.

10. VOTING RIGHTS

Democrats:
The party said it would fight laws requiring certain forms of voter identification “to preserve the fundamental right to vote.”

A leader of the 1963 landmark Selma-to-Montgomery voting rights march, Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.), helped nominate Clinton for president.

Republicans:
The GOP platform endorsed state efforts to impose voter identification requirements that the U.S. Justice Department and several federal and state courts have said discriminate against minority and poor voters. The platform called Justice’s actions “bullying.”

Cases of in-person voter fraud, which such voter-ID laws are supposed to prevent, are “nearly non-existent,” according to the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University Law School.

Thanks to Jonathan D. Salant, NJ Advance Media, jsalant@njadvancemedia.com

Download the full Democratic Platform: Here
Download the full Republican Platform: Here

 

(In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. Martin County Democratic Executive Committee has no affiliation whatsoever with the originator of this article nor is Martin County Democratic Executive Committee endorsed or sponsored by the originator.)


  
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